The Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act was designed to make Americans more aware of the adverse health effects of smoking. As enacted in 1965, the law required health warnings only on cigarette packages. In 1984, the law was amended to require that one of the four warning labels listed below appear in a specific format on cigarette packages and in most related advertising:
Surgeon general’s warning: smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, and may complicate pregnancy.
Surgeon general’s warning: quitting smoking now greatly reduces serious risks to your health.
Surgeon general’s warning: smoking by pregnant women may result in fetal injury, premature birth, and low birth weight.
Surgeon general’s warning: Cigarette Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide.
And of course, the warnings we’ve all heard from parents, public health officials and just about everyone else is: “if you don’t smoke, don’t’ start, and if you do smoke, stop.
Sound advice a vast majority would agree.
New research suggests, however, that nicotine treatment protects against the same type of brain damage that occurs in Parkinson’s disease. Experimental animals receiving chronic administration of nicotine over a period of six months had 25 percent less Parkinson’s type damage than those not receiving nicotine.
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This protective effect may explain the lower incidence of Parkinson’s disease among smokers. Researchers say the results also suggest that nicotine may be useful as a potential therapy in the treatment of early-stage Parkinson’s patients.
Researchers at The Parkinson’s Institute, an independent, non-profit research institute located in Sunnyvale, California, conducted the five-year study.